Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttranchal, Sikkim Darjeeling, Arunachal, Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, Ladakh, Zanskarv

W I L D L I F E   T R A V E L

River Rafting
Himalayan Camping
Jeep Safari
Jungle Safari
Motor Bike Safari
Rock Climbing
Hang Gliding
Para Gliding
Skiing in Himalayas
                      More . . .
Adventure Himalayas
Himalayan Wildlife
Secret of Bhutan
Water Rafting Tours
Treks of Himalayas
Amarnath Yatra
Kailash Mansarovar Tour
Chardham Yatra
Everest Base Camp
Kangchenjunga Base Camp
Nanda Devi Base Camp
Camping  Mountaineering
Darjeeling Tour
Jeep Safari Travel
Buddhist Sectors
Leh Ladakh Tours
Nepal-Bhutan Tour
Tibet Kathmandu Travel
Trip for Faith
                       More . . .
Jammu & Kashmir
Himachal Pradesh
Leh Ladakh
                       More . . .
Himalayan Lands
Travel Tips
Peaks & Passes
People & Religion
Hill Stations
Fast Facts Himalayas
Mountain Ranges
Rivers of Himalayas
Culture Travel

Wildlife of Himalayas 
                       More . . .

Lahaul & Spiti
Vaishno Devi Yatra
Amarnath Yatra
Kailash Mansarover Yatra
Holy Places Sarahan
Tibet Pilgrimage
Nepal Pilgrimage
Bhutan Pilgrimage 
                      More . . .
Treks in Ladakh
Treks in Shimla
Spiti Valley Treks
Lahaul Valley Treks
Treks in Kullu Valley
Treks in Kangra Valley
Chamba Valley Treks
Treks in Garhwal
Treks in Kumaon
Treks in Darjeeling
Treks in Sikkim
Treks in Arunachal
Treks in Bhutan
Treks in Nepal
Treks in Tibet
                       More . . .

Trekking Itineraries

Padum to Martselang
Shang La-Matho La
Bumthang Cultural Trek
Kangchenjunga Base Camp
The Druk Path Trek
High on Nepal   
Secret of Bhutan
Kauri Pass Trekking
Gangotri Nandavan
Everest Base Camp
Magical Mustang
Annapurna Sanctuary
Laya and Lingshi Trek
Snowman Trekking
Markha Valley Trek 
Kargil to Padum 
Padum to Kishtwar 
Monasteries Tour
To Bara Bangal  
Beas Kund 
Pin Valley  
Spiti: Drive-Cum-Trek  
Kailash Mansarovar Yatra
  R E L A T E D   T O P I C S

History| Geography| Himalayan Lands & Routes (Indian Himalayan Routes), (Nepal Himalayan Routes), (Tibetan Himalayan Routes), (Bhutanese Himalayan Routes) | Travel Tips - (Preparation for the Trip), (Altitude Sickness)| Peaks & Passes (Mount Everest), (K-2), (Kangchenjunga), (Lhotse), (Makalu), (Cho Oyu), (Dhaulagiri), (Manaslu), (Nanga Parbat), (Annapurna), (Jammu Kashmir Glaciers), (Uttaranchal Glaciers) | People & Religion | Hill Stations (Gulmarg-Sonamarg), (Srinagar), (Ladakh), (Shimla), (Manali), (Kullu), (Dharamshala), (Sarahan), (Nainital), (Mussoorie), (Rishikesh), (Gangtok), (Darjeeling), (Kailash Mansarovar)| Fast Facts Himalayas| Mountain Ranges| Rivers of Himalayas (Five Sisters), (Indus River), (Chenab River), (Ganga River), (Yamuna River), (Brahmaputra River) | Culture Travel (Culture Ladakh), (Jammu & Kashmir), (Himachal Pradesh), (Garhwal-Kumaon), (Sikkim), (Nepal), (Bhutan), (Arunachal Pradesh) Wildlife of Himalayas

 << Indian Himalayas << About Himalayas >> << Wildlife Travel >>

W i l d l i f e  T r a v e l  H i m a l a y a

Flora Chir (Pine), Oak, Deodar, Fir, Rhododendron, Birch, and Juniper
Fauna Tigers, Elephants, Wild Boar, Crocodiles, Snow Leopard, Blue Sheep, and Mask Deer.
Major Wildlife Sanctuaries Jim Corbett National Park, Namdhapa National Park, Kaziranga National Park
Major Wildlife Regions Himachal Pradesh, Uttranchal, Sikkim, Dajeeling
Visiting Season November to June

The Himalayas are the world's longest, highest mountains. One third of all mountain animals live here. The range is home to many endangered species. The Himalayan mountain range is over 1,500 miles long and 250 miles wide and includes most of Nepal and Bhutan, south Tibet, and the extreme north of India. it is divided into three zones: the Greater, Lesser, and Outer Himalayas. Since the range is so long with so many varied climates, the wildlife of the Himalayas is remarkably diverse.  The Himalayan region displays great variety in flora and fauna. It is also where rare medicinal herbs are said to grow. In the Terai - the Himalayan foothills, there are luxuriant tropical forests of Sal, Teak And Shisham. As one climbs, one encounters a variety of Chir (Pine), Oak, Deodar, Fir, Rhododendron, Birch And Juniper. At higher altitudes the Juniper becomes a bush.

Origin of Indian Himalayas

The Himalayas were created about 70 million years ago when two continental plates collided, pushing up the massive mountain range where they met. In this way India and Eurasia were joined together, which accounts for the wide variety of wildlife found here. Species from Asia, Africa, and the Mediterranean all converged here.  Even today, various species of the eastern Himalayas have a west Chinese influence, while the western range has Europe Mediterranean elements. Fossil records show that animals such as the giraffe and the hippo once lived here.

Himalayan Vegetation

Four different types of vegetation live in the Himalayas: tropical, subtropical, temperate, and alpine. The foothills of the Outer Himalayas are blanketed in dense tropical rain forests of bamboo, oak, and chestnut. Further west, as the altitude increases, the forest thins, and evergreen, cedars, pines, and firs become the dominant species. In the alpine zone, which begins at about 12.000 feet, grows great amounts of moist vegetation, including juniper and rhododendron. The domestic yak supplies rural nomads in Tibet with meat and hides. Its also serves as a pack animal. The male monal or Impeyon pheasant, has iridescent, multicolored plumage that he displays when courting his mate. This national bird of Nepal is widely hunted for sport. It is difficult to imagine today that these Himalayan slopes were densely wooded less than a century ago. While Himalayan forests are not as lush as the rain-fed South Indian forests, they do attain an impressive magnificence in the unspoilt upper region.

Insects of Himalayas

The forests of the Himalayan foothills are an ideal home for insects, including bumblebees and crane flies. Higher up the slopes, where the nights are colder, many insect species have dark bodies to absorb as much heat as possible. Many butterflies live at surprisingly high altitudes: Apollo's, blues, vanessas, and papilios are common up to 14,000 feet. Even higher than this are other tiny insects. No one is sure how they survive at such altitudes; they likely feed on pollen, seeds, and other organic debris swept upward by drafts.

Himalayan Mammals

More sheep species live in the Himalayas than in any other mountain range in the world. They include the Marco Polo sheep, which, because of the market for its long, spiraling horns, has been hunted almost to extinction.  The largest wild sheep in the world, the great Tibetan sheep, also live here. They can withstand extreme temperatures ranging from scorching summers to freezing winters.

Three species of mountain goat live in the Himalayas: the Ibex, the markhor, and the wild goat. Three species of goat antelope live here too. Taken is the national animal of Bhutan. The massive yak is the largest animal of the mountains, and one of the highest dwellings animals in the world. Its long shaggy coat enables it to inhabit the coldest areas of the Himalayas.

The brown bear and the Himalayan black bear scavenge mammal carcasses, although they also eat fruit. One of the rarest bears in the world, the Tibetan blue bear, also lives here.  Cats and dogs live in the Himalayas: the wolf, the wild dog, and the hill fox are common. Among the cats are: the tiger and leopard, as well as the jungle cat, lynx, and Pallas cat. The beautiful snow leopard rangers throughout the Himalayas' its prey consists of wild sheep and goats.

Endangered Himalayas

The Himalayan mountain range is one of the most endangered environments in the world. Mankind is gradually encroaching on the wilderness, building, polluting, and destroying. Although steps are now being taken to preserve this important habitat, it is a case of too little, too late. the elusive snow leopard has a beautiful, thick coat that is soft gray on top, paling to a pure white underside. This has made it a target for hunters, and poachers; despite the species being protected, several are killed each year.

The musk deer used to be common in the Himalayas. Musk from the males scent gland is in demand from perfume manufacturers. Consequently, the species is in danger of Extinction, dispute protection with preserves. Other endangered Himalayan species include the brown bear, Tibetan blue bear, red panda, and black necked crane. The Marco Polo sheep, a rare subspecies of the argali, a sheep of the Himalayan plateaus, is widely hunted despite protection. secluded valleys still preserve an unspoiled way of life for villagers and wildlife. The Chinese were the first to use the musk deer's scent in perfume. This deer is now very rare in the wild.


The Himalayas Karakoram mountain range contains 96 of the world's 109 peaks over 24,000 feet.
Mount Everest, the world's highest peak at 29,141 feet, was named after Col. Sir. George Everest.
The spiraling horns of the Himalayan markhor can grow to a length of five feet.

Himalayan Wildlife Sanctuaries & National Parks
  Dachigam National Park, J&K   Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve, J&K
  Overa Wildlife Sanctuary, J&K   Kishtwar Altitude National Park ,J&K 
  Hemis High Altitude National Park, J&K   The Great Himalayan National Park, H.P.
  Pin Valley National Park, H.P.   Dudhwa National Park, U.P.
  Wildlife in Sikkim   Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary, Darjeeling
  Royal Chitwan Park, Nepal   Royal Bardia National Park, Nepal


b Back to Main Index



Go to Top

Go to Home..


Hotel Inter Continental The Grand Palace - Srinagar Mayfair Hill Resort Darjeeling - West Bengal India Hotel Krishna Mountview, Kausani (Uttaranchal, India)
Leh Ladakh Hotels Hotels Kashmir Hotels in Himachal Hotels in India Hotels Darjeeling Hotels in Gangtok Hotels Uttaranchal


T O U R   P A C K A G E S   H I M A L A Y A S
Best of Leh-Ladakh Tours Everest Base Camp Kangchenjunga Base Camp Kailash Mansarovar Yatra (Pilgrimage Travel) 
Magical Mustang High on Nepal Land of Gods: Kumaon & Garhwal Ladakh the Last Leg Indus River Expedition
River Rafting Deoprayag-Kaudiyala-Shivpuri Wildlife Travel Corbett Amarnath Yatra (Travel) Package
Valley of Flowers & Hemkund Sahib Shrine Camping & Mountaineering Himalayas Pilgrimage Tour Chardham
Travel Kaziranga National Park Tons  Valley and Har Ki Dun Trek Paro-Lingshi-Thimpu
Secret of Bhutan-Sikkim-Darjeeling Wonderland       
  More . . . . .

P I L G R I M A G E   I N   H I M A L A Y A S
  Lahaul & Spiti  Pilgrimage in Dharamshala  Kullu Temples  Vaishno Devi Yatra (Journey)  Amarnath Yatra (Journey)
Kailash Mansarover Yatra   Holy Places in Sarahan  Holy Places in Tibet   Holy Places in Nepal
  Holy Places in Bhutan      More . . . .


O U R   T R A V E L   N E T W O R K
Car Rental in India Car Rental in Rajasthan Hotels in Delhi Agra Jaipur Hotels in India Info India Travel
Indian Heritage Hotels Indian Tigers Indian Wildlife Luxury Delhi Hotels  Rajasthan Heritage Hotels Rajasthan Hotels
  Rajasthan Tour Packages Tour Operator India Travel in Rajasthan  Travel Agents in India



Contact Us

About Us



Tour Package


Photo Gallery

Travel Tips


Copyright 2007-8, Incredible Himalayas. A l l  R i g h t s  R e s e r v e d   C o n c e p t u a l i z e d  &  D e v e l o p e d   b y    . . B I J U. .