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Himalayan Lands & Routes
(Nepal Himalayan Routes),
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(Preparation for the Trip),
Peaks & Passes
(Jammu Kashmir Glaciers),
People & Religion |
Fast Facts Himalayas|
Rivers of Himalayas
(Jammu & Kashmir),
Wildlife of Himalayas
<< About Himalayas
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W i l d l i f e T r a v e l H i m a l a y a
Chir (Pine), Oak, Deodar, Fir, Rhododendron, Birch, and Juniper
Tigers, Elephants, Wild Boar, Crocodiles, Snow Leopard, Blue Sheep, and Mask
Major Wildlife Sanctuaries
Jim Corbett National Park, Namdhapa National Park, Kaziranga National Park
Major Wildlife Regions
Himachal Pradesh, Uttranchal, Sikkim,
November to June
The Himalayas are the world's longest, highest mountains. One third of
all mountain animals live here. The range is home to many endangered species.
The Himalayan mountain range is over 1,500 miles long and 250 miles wide and
includes most of Nepal and Bhutan, south Tibet, and the extreme north of India.
it is divided into three zones: the Greater, Lesser, and Outer Himalayas. Since
the range is so long with so many varied climates, the wildlife of the Himalayas
is remarkably diverse. The Himalayan region displays great variety in flora and
fauna. It is also where rare medicinal herbs are said to grow. In the Terai -
the Himalayan foothills, there are luxuriant tropical forests of Sal, Teak And
Shisham. As one climbs, one encounters a variety of Chir (Pine), Oak, Deodar,
Fir, Rhododendron, Birch And Juniper. At higher altitudes the Juniper becomes a
Origin of Indian Himalayas
The Himalayas were created about 70 million
years ago when two continental plates collided, pushing up the massive mountain
range where they met. In this way India and Eurasia were joined together, which
accounts for the wide variety of wildlife found here. Species from Asia, Africa,
and the Mediterranean all converged here. Even today, various species of the
eastern Himalayas have a west Chinese influence, while the western range has
Europe Mediterranean elements. Fossil records show that animals such as the
giraffe and the hippo once lived here.
Four different types of vegetation live in the
Himalayas: tropical, subtropical, temperate, and alpine. The foothills of the
Outer Himalayas are blanketed in dense tropical rain forests of bamboo, oak, and
chestnut. Further west, as the altitude increases, the forest thins, and
evergreen, cedars, pines, and firs become the dominant species. In the alpine
zone, which begins at about 12.000 feet, grows great amounts of moist
vegetation, including juniper and rhododendron. The domestic yak supplies rural
nomads in Tibet with meat and hides. Its also serves as a pack animal. The male
monal or Impeyon pheasant, has iridescent, multicolored plumage that he displays
when courting his mate. This national bird of Nepal is widely hunted for sport.
It is difficult to imagine today that these Himalayan slopes were densely wooded
less than a century ago. While Himalayan forests are not as lush as the rain-fed
South Indian forests, they do attain an impressive magnificence in the unspoilt
Insects of Himalayas
The forests of the Himalayan foothills are an
ideal home for insects, including bumblebees and crane flies. Higher up the
slopes, where the nights are colder, many insect species have dark bodies to
absorb as much heat as possible. Many butterflies live at surprisingly high
altitudes: Apollo's, blues, vanessas, and papilios are common up to 14,000 feet.
Even higher than this are other tiny insects. No one is sure how they survive at
such altitudes; they likely feed on pollen, seeds, and other organic debris
swept upward by drafts.
sheep species live in the Himalayas than in any other mountain range in the
world. They include the Marco Polo sheep, which, because of the market for its
long, spiraling horns, has been hunted almost to extinction. The largest wild
sheep in the world, the great Tibetan sheep, also live here. They can withstand
extreme temperatures ranging from scorching summers to freezing winters.
Three species of mountain goat live in the
Himalayas: the Ibex, the markhor, and the wild goat. Three species of goat
antelope live here too. Taken is the national animal of Bhutan. The massive yak
is the largest animal of the mountains, and one of the highest dwellings animals
in the world. Its long shaggy coat enables it to inhabit the coldest areas of
The brown bear and the Himalayan black bear
scavenge mammal carcasses, although they also eat fruit. One of the rarest bears
in the world, the Tibetan blue bear, also lives here. Cats and dogs live in the
Himalayas: the wolf, the wild dog, and the hill fox are common. Among the cats
are: the tiger and leopard, as well as the jungle cat, lynx, and Pallas cat. The
beautiful snow leopard rangers throughout the Himalayas' its prey consists of
wild sheep and goats.
The Himalayan mountain range is one of the most
endangered environments in the world. Mankind is gradually encroaching on the
wilderness, building, polluting, and destroying. Although steps are now being
taken to preserve this important habitat, it is a case of too little, too late.
the elusive snow leopard has a beautiful, thick coat that is soft gray on top,
paling to a pure white underside. This has made it a target for hunters, and
poachers; despite the species being protected, several are killed each year.
The musk deer used to be common in the
Himalayas. Musk from the males scent gland is in demand from perfume
manufacturers. Consequently, the species is in danger of Extinction, dispute
protection with preserves. Other endangered Himalayan species include the brown
bear, Tibetan blue bear, red panda, and black necked crane. The Marco Polo
sheep, a rare subspecies of the argali, a sheep of the Himalayan plateaus, is
widely hunted despite protection. secluded valleys still preserve an unspoiled
way of life for villagers and wildlife. The Chinese were the first to use the
musk deer's scent in perfume. This deer is now very rare in the wild.
The Himalayas Karakoram mountain range contains 96 of the world's 109 peaks over
Mount Everest, the world's highest peak at 29,141 feet, was named after Col.
Sir. George Everest.
The spiraling horns of the Himalayan markhor can grow to a length of five feet.
Himalayan Wildlife Sanctuaries & National Parks
National Park, J&K
Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve, J&K
Overa Wildlife Sanctuary, J&K
Kishtwar Altitude National Park ,J&K
Hemis High Altitude National Park, J&K
The Great Himalayan National Park, H.P.
Pin Valley National Park, H.P.
Dudhwa National Park, U.P.
Wildlife in Sikkim
Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary, Darjeeling
Royal Chitwan Park, Nepal
Royal Bardia National Park, Nepal
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