Dhaulagiri, whose name means White Mountain, is
the seventh highest mountain in the world. It is an enormous Himalayan massif,
located in north central Nepal. It is the highest mountain located entirely
within Nepal. After its discovery by the western world in 1808, it replaced
Ecuador's Chimborazo (20,561 ft.) as the postulated highest mountain in the
world. It maintained this standing for nearly 30 years, until the discovery of
Kangchenjunga (28,169 ft.), which was then falsely believed to be the world's
Dhaulagiri's crest stretches for thirty miles, lending
structure to an otherwise tangled topography of twisting ridges, glaciers, and
ice falls. Along the main crest, several pyramid-shaped peaks rise. Four of
these summits, numbered from east to west, rise above 25,000 feet.
In 1960, the Swiss/Austrian expedition who first reached
the summit did so despite their airplane having crashed during the approach.
This was the first Himalayan climb supported by an airplane, although the plane
was subsequently abandoned on the mountain.
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