5.2 Million, 60,77,248
55,673 sq. km.
No. of District
Hindi & Pahari
Beas, Sautlej, Ravi, Chenab and Yamuna
Kalka to (Shimla); Gaggal (Kangra) and Bhuntar (Kullu)
Jubbar Hatti (Shimla); Gaggal (Kangra) and Bhuntar (Kullu)
Time to Go
Mid-May to Mid-October
(trekking); Late December to March (Winter Sports)
Himachal Pradesh is located in
North West in India in the lap of the Great Himalayas . It is bordered by Jammu
and Kashmir in the North , Punjab in the West , Haryana and Uttar Pradesh in the
South and Tibet in the East. Low rolling bills, just a couple of hundred meters
above sea level, climb on to touch the core of the Himalaya mountains. Here lie
peaks that are several thousand meters high and never lose their perennial
snows. This beautiful state is divided into two parts Southern and Northern
Himachal. The southern Himachal also known as lower Himachal is as hot as plain
areas ,where as upper is Northern Himachal less hot in Summer and extreme cold
and heavy snow in Winter.
Himachal Pradesh - the land of
eternal snow peaks - takes in the transition zone from the plains to the high
Himalaya and in the trans-Himalayan region of Lahaul and Spiti, actually crosses
that mighty barrier to the Tibetan plateau. The Kullu valley, with its developed
and tourist-oriented economy, can be considered the backbone of the state. Off
the east is thew Parbati valley, popular with long stay visitors.
Himachal Pradesh is dominated
by mountains and their associated rivers and valleys. Himachal Pradesh can be
easily segregated by its valleys. Lahaul consists of the Chandra and Bhaga
valleys. Further east, the Spiti river joins the Sutlej river in Kinnaur and
flows all the way to the Punjab. In the west, the beautiful Kangra valley
stretches from Mandi to Shahpur, near Pathankot.
Himachal Pradesh is almost wholly mountainous with
altitudes ranging from 350 meters to 6,975 meters above the mean sea level. It
is located between Latitude 30O 22 40 N to 33O 12 20 N and
Longitude 75O 45 55 E to 79O 04 20 E. It has a deeply
dissected topography, complex geological structure and a rich temperate flora in
the sub-tropical latitudes.
Climatically Himachal Pradesh
can be divided into three zones (1.) The outer Himalayas, (2.) The Inner
Himalayas and (3.) Alpine zone. The first zone gets annual rainfall between 150
cm and 175 cm. In second it varies between 75 cms to 100 cms and the Alpine zone
remains under snow for about five to six months. The average annual rainfall in
the State is about 160 cm. The climate varies between hot and a humid in the
valley areas to freezing cold in the home of perpetual snow.
Five Major rivers Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Yamuna
flow through its territory. The utility of these rivers though restricted
considerably by the rugged and undulating terrain of the State, nevertheless,
these rivers posses immense potential for the generation of hydro-electricity.
Take a trip on the toy train to
experience the decrepit grandeur of the the Raj in this pleasant hill station.
Shimla was once par of the Nepalease king-dom and called Shyamla, another name
for the goddess Kali, but Shimla never gained any fame until it was 'discovered'
by the British in 1819. Three years later, the first 'British' house was
erected, and in 1864 Shimla became the summer capital of India.
McLeod Gunj or Dharamshala
Home of the Dalai Lama, this is
the place to head for Tibetan culture (and chocolate cake). While Dharamshala is
synonymous with the Tibetan Government in Exile, the actual headquarters is
about 4km above Dharamshala at Gangchen Kyishong, and most travelers hang out at
McLeod Gunj, stung along a high ridge 10km above Dharamshala.
Dharamshala itself is of little
interest to travelers, although Kotwali Bazaar, at the foot of the roads leading
up to McLeod Gunj, is an interesting and colorful market, and you can visit the
Kanga Art Museum.
Scenically pretty valley and
adventure playground. Kullu was once known as Kullanthapitha - the end of the
habitable world. Beyond rose the forbidding heights of the Greater Himalaya, and
by the banks of the shining river Beas, lay the fabled Silver Valley.
A beautiful town with ancient
Hindu temples hidden in winding backstreets. Situated in the bosom of the middle
Himalaya, Chamba has preserved its identity inviolate through a period when the
plains of India were ravaged by fanatical hoarders from Afghanistan and Central
Manali situated in the north
Indian hill state of Himachal Pradesh. Situated at the Northern end of the Kullu
valley with its spectacular views of the snowcapped peaks and wooded slopes, the
Beas rushing along its rocky course amid grassy wild flowered meadows, is ideal
for honeymooners and adventure sport lovers.
The picturesque town of Sarchu
is located at the height of 4253 meters and 105 km from keylong. This is the
last point on the Himachal Pradesh - Ladakh border that offers splendid views of
snow capped mountains. The unspoiled natural beauty of Sarchu offers a perfect
ambience to spend some time away from the hustle and bustle of city life.
Hotels in Himachal
more... "Tourist Places and Adventure in Himachal Pradesh" a
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