R E L A T E D T O P I C S
Himalayan Lands & Routes
(Indian Himalayan Routes),
(Nepal Himalayan Routes),
(Tibetan Himalayan Routes),
(Preparation for the Trip),
Peaks & Passes
People & Religion
Fast Facts Himalayas|
Rivers of Himalayas
(Jammu & Kashmir),
Wildlife of Himalayas
The Siwalik Hills
(sometimes spelled Shiwalik, Shivalik, or Sivalik) are a
sub-Himalayan Mountain range running 1,600 km long from the Tista River, Sikkim,
through Nepal and India, into northern Pakistan.
The range runs parallel with
the Himalayan system from Hardwar on the Ganges to the banks of the Beas, and
though only 16 km wide in places, the hills have an average height of 900 to
The Siwalik Hills are chiefly
composed of low sandstone and conglomerate hills, the solidified and upheaved
detritus of the great range in their rear, the intermediate valley lying between
the outer hills and the Mussoorie. Ramapithecus was among many fossil finds in
the region. The Siwalik Hills, also known as Shiwalik Hills, lie to the south of
the Dhaula Dhar, with an average elevation of 1,500 to 2,000m. They are the
first range of hills encountered en route from the plains and are geologically
separate from the Himalaya.
Zanskar Himalayan Range
Zanskar Range - Ladakh south of
the Indus River, stretching from the ridges beyond Lamayuru in the west across
the Zanskar region, where it is divided from the main Himalaya by the Stod and
Tsarap valleys, the populated districts of the Zanskar valley. The Zanskar range
is breached where the Zanskar River flows North, creating awesome gorges until
it reaches the Indus River just below Leh.
We're addicted to Himalayan travel, so we're thrilled to bring back this great
summer trek, one of our popular mainstays of the 1980s. The ancient kingdom of
Zanskar - once part of western Tibet - is a fascinating Buddhist enclave that
historically has had little contact with the outside world (its high snowbound
passes cut it off from the world during the harsh winter months). It still lives
in another century, an ancient world that begins where the paved road ends.
Our challenging adventure takes
you past green fertile valleys to moonscapes of stark yet evocative beauty,
where you'll trek over high passes marked with fluttering prayer flags, see
Buddhism practiced in its purest form, and admire an arid landscape brightened
by shimmering willow groves and glacier-irrigated fields of yellow buckwheat and
green pea patches. Along the way you'll meet the handsome Zanskari people and
follow trails lined with some of the most exquisitely carved mani stones in the
Himalaya. On the Zanskar range, the Fatu La, on the Leh-Srinagar road, is
considered the most easterly pass; while the Singge La, the Cha Cha La and the
Rubrang La are the main trekking passes into the Zanskar valley. For the hardy
Ladakh trader, the main route in winter between the Zanskar valley and Leh is
down the icebound Zanskar River gorges. Further to the east, many of the Zanskar
range passes to the North of Spiti and Kinnaur are close to the India-Tibet
border, and are closed to Trekkers.
Ladakh Himalayan Range
The ladakh range lies to the
North of Leh and is an integral part of the Trans-Himalayan range that merges
with the Kailash range in Tibet. The passes include the famous Kardung La, the
highest motorable pass in the world, while the Digar La to the North east of Leh
is at present the only pass open to trekkers.
The start and rugged
landscape is situated amidst multiple-hued mountains, some smooth enough to rub
your cheeks on, others scraggly as though termites have had a go at them for
breakfast. Miles and stretches of this never-never land, surprised by quaint
little vibrant green hamlets oozing wild roses and lavender, fringe the
life-giving Indus River.
Ladakh is a land like no other.
Bounded by two of the world's mightiest mountain ranges, the Great Himalaya and
the Karakoram, it lies athwart two other, the Ladakh range and the Zanskar
In geological terms, this is a young land, formed only a few million years ago
by the buckling and folding of the earth's crust as the Indian sub-continent
pushed with irresistible force against the immovable mass of Asia. Its basic
contours, uplifted by these unimaginable tectonic movements, have been modified
over the millennia by the opposite process of erosion, sculpted into the form we
see today by wind and water. Yes, water! Today, a high -altitude desert,
sheltered from the rain-bearing clouds of the Indian monsoon by the barrier of
the Great Himalaya, Ladakh was once covered by an extensive lake system.
East Karakoram Range
East Korakoram Range - The East
Karakoram Range is the huge range that forms the geographical divide between
India and Central Asia. It includes many high peaks including - Teram Kargri,
Saltoro Kangri and Rimo, while the Karakoram Pass was the main trading link
between the markets of Leh, Yarkand and Kashgar. At present this region is
closed to trekkers, although a few foreign mountaineering groups were permitted
to climb there in the last decade.
C l i c k f o r
M o r e.
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