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Information About Peaks & Passes in Himachal Pradesh

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<< Indian Himalayas << About Himalayas >> << Peaks & Passes >> Peaks & Passes Himachal Pradesh

P e a k s   a n d   M o u n t a i n   P a s s e s  H i m a c h a l  P r a d e s h

Himachal the land of snow, is one of the most beautiful states of the Union.  Landscape is rich and varied: from the fertile plains to lush green meadows, from thick forest to barren Mountains cape. Himachal has a lot to offer to both first time trekkers and experienced mountaineers. Its valleys, passes and landscapes are still unknown, waiting to be explored and experienced. Sixty-Five treks mentioned in the book cover more than hundred destinations but these are just the tip of an iceberg, there are hundreds others.

Principal Peaks & Passes Himachal Pradesh

Himachal is a paradise for walkers, trekkers, hikers, skiers, rafters, climbers and mountaineers.  Innumerable treks originate or culminate in the beautiful valleys of Kullu and Manali. There are several peaks in Himachal Pradesh that challenge the mountaineers. Main peaks in Dhauladhar range are Mun (4610 m), Toral (4686 m), Dromedary (4553 m) and Rifle horn (4400 m). Kinnaur & Spiti Region has Leo Pargial (6791 m).  Trekkers can leave the technical part to mountaineers while they can enjoy walking on the trails in these hills.

The thrill of crossing a mountain pass is comparable to climbing a peak.  In Fact many travelers prefer simple walking than technical climbing. There are innumerable passes in Himachal that connect different regions. These passes are frequented by local shepherds who cross these at least twice in a year with their flock. Gaddis, the nomadic tribe of Bharmour in Chamba, are regular travelers in the Pir Panjal and Dhauladhar. They travel to higher reaches in the summer with their sheep and goats as far as Zanskar and Ladakh in the Northern State of Kashmir.

Crossing a Mountain Pass

Crossing a mountain pass is a life-time experience.  The journey is quite testing but the feeling of achievement is overwhelming. Care Courage and determination are required to undertake journey across a mountain pass.  The landscape is always interesting with endless variety and limitless charm and the rugged beauty and sheer grandeur of high passes has no parallel.

Generally, the last villages in the valleys are located at an average height of about 8000 feet.  From these villages the trail rises through forests or curls upward alongside narrow ravine or Winds up over steep grassy slopes. After gradual ascent tree line is crossed and the forest clears. Trail then leads to the bare mountainside going up steadily towards the Mountain Pass.

Kangra Valley Treks

Kangra Valley Treks - All the treks which commence from Kangra Valley cross the Dhauladhar from Range and teminate in the adjoining Chamba Valley at one one point or another.  Of the five treks mentioned here, Laka Pass (also called Inderhar or Inderhara) trek and the Minkiani Pass trek are the most popularowing to their commencement at Dharamsala / McLeodgunj.

Kullu Valley Treks

Kullu Valley Treks is the most popular amongst trekkers in Himachal Pradesh.  Treks in the Solang sub-valley and Kullu-Jogindernagar are easy and short.  Hamta Pass, Chandra Tal, Chanderkhani and Tos Nala are hard treks while the trek to Pin-Parbati Pass is long and strenuous.

Lahaul Valley Treks

Lahaul is part of Lahaul & Spiti district. In fact both Lahaul and Spiti are two distinct geographical regions separated by high rising Kunzum pass. Not only this, these two regions are entirely different units socially and culturally also.  Lahaul offers a few very rewarding high altitude trekking trails along the Chandra and Bhaga rivers and over high passes full of ice and snow.

Shimla Valley Treks

Though Shimla is the capital city of Himachal Pradesh and a very popular hill resort, it offers very few trekking opportunities.  Two trails over Jalori Pass and Bashleo Pass, which lead to the adjoining Kullu Valley, provide easy and pleasant walks.  Buran Ghati trek, though not very common amongst trekkers, is an adventurous trek which leads to the adjoining Kalpa Valley.

The main trekking areas in Himachal are the Dhauladhar and Pir Panjal ranges, routes over the passes between the Shimla region and the Kullu valley, the numerous treks out of Kullu and select tracks in the Trans-Himalyan regions of Kinnaur, Lahaul and Spiti. Most trekking areas are between 1500 metres and 6000 metres.

Spiti Valley Treks

Recently opened to foreigners, the trails in Spiti Valley provide a very different experience. The trails are tough and pass through very rugged and isolated regions.

Adopted as an exit route from the Spiti region, fairly long and arduous but not difficult, joining the Shimla road near Wangtu at the Kinnaur district boundary.  Easier and shorter than the more scenic Shakarof Pass (5022m) further W.  As for the Pin-Parbati Pass route to Ghurguru, two days from Sangam.

The S side descent is steep and trends L (SE) to cross a glacial stream which is followed S into the Bhabha Valley at the Phodal Thach camping ground.  An improving path down the E bank of the Bhabha stream passes through yuchrung and Muling camp grounds, then to the hamlets of Musrang, Kat and Bain (on W bank) before reaching Wangtu on the Hindustan-Tibet Road between Rakong Peo and Rampur.

Trekking in Kashmir Valley -|- Trekking in Ladakh Valley, Jammu & Kashmir -|- Trekking in Kangra Valley, Himachal Pradesh -|- Trekking in Kullu Valley, Himachal Pradesh -|- Trekking in Lahaul Valley, Himachal Pradesh -|- Trekking in Spiti Valley, Himachal Pradesh -|- Trekking in Shimla Valley -|- Trekking in Garhwal, Uttaranchal -|- Trekking in Kumaon, Uttaranchal -|- Trekking in Darjeeling, East India Himalaya
-|- Trekking in Sikkim, East India Himalaya -|- Trekking in Arunachal Pradesh -|- Trekking in Bhutan
-|- Trekking in Nepal -|- Trekking in Tibet


Principal Peaks & Passes in the Indian Himalaya
Peaks Height (m) Passes Height (m)
Kangchenzonga 8598 Meade's Col 7178
Nanga Parbat 8125 Lungser Pass 6240
Nanda Devi 7816 Ibex Col 6200
Mt. Kamet 7756 Jongsang La 6115
Saltoro Kangri 7742 Saltoro Pass 5900
Jongsang 7459 Bilafond La 5647
Rimo I 7385 Mana Pass 5608
Tent Peak 7365 Khardung La 5602
Abi Gamin 7355 Manirang Pass 5550
Mana 7274 Lipu Lekh 5450
Mukut 7242 Pin Parvati Pass 5319
Hardeol 7151 Saser La 5330
Nun 7135 Lamkhaga Pass 5282
Trisul 7120 Baralacha La 4939
Nanda Kot 6861 Hamta 4885
Leo Pargial 6791 Chobu 4750
Devtoli 6788 Kunzum La 4550
Lungser Kangri 6666 Sach Pass 4414
Shigri Parvat 6645 Inderhara 4350
Manirang 6693 Nathu La 4310
Chiring We 6559 Rohtang 4116
Parvati Parvat 6632 Chandrakhani Pass 3500

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