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Peaks & Passes >> <<
Mount Everest >>
Tibet and Nepal
Also Known As
Sagarmatha In Nepal & Chomolangma In Tibet
Best Trek Season
April To May
Travel to the Mount Everest
Peak you can decide to the highest mountain in the world. Its
elevation of 29,035 feet (8,850 meters) was determined using GPS satellite
equipment on May 5, 1999. It was previously believed to be slightly lower
(29,028 feet /8,848 meters), as determined in 1954 by averaging measurements
from various sites around the mountain.
Latest Mountain Everest - 10 October 2005, China's surveying and
mapping department said on October 9, 2005, the Mount Everest, located between
Nepal and China is 3.7 Meter shorter then the measurement taken in 1971. But is
now the height of this peak is
8848.13 meter - 3.7 meter =
But to really experience the
majestic Himalayan panorama, you have visit the Himalayn lands of India, Nepal,
Bhutan and Tibet. 10 highest peaks of the world are situated within the
Himalayas and out of those 10, 8 are the part of the Nepalese Himalayas.
Discover the beauty of the Himalayas from five exceptional viewpoints, Singu
Chuli Base Camp, Machapuchare, Annapurna Base Camp, Everest Base Camp, the
Rongbuk Glacier and Thang La, Tibet.
The First Conquers of
the Mount Everest
English climbers were the first
ones to conquer the Mouth Everest debacle. Before World War IInd, three English
expeditions were sent to the north of Himalayas, which is the Tibetan side of
the Mount Everest. Twice the climbers reached the altitude of 8,600m, but
unfortunately failed to summit.
The First Seven Attempts on Mount
The first seven attempts on Everest,
starting with a reconnaissance in 1921, approached the mountain from Tibet,
where a route to the summit via the North Col and North Ridge seemed possible.
All were unsuccessful. George Mallory, who spearheaded the first three
expeditions, lost his life with Andrew Irvine during a failed ascent in 1924.
Unsuccessful attempts continued through 1938, then halted during World War II.
By the war's end, Tibet had closed its borders, and Nepal, previously
inaccessible, had done the opposite. Starting in 1951, expeditions from Nepal
grew closer and closer to the summit, via the Khumbu Icefall, the Western Cwm,
over the Geneva Spur to the South Col, and up the Southeast Ridge. In 1953
Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay reached the summit.
Since the first successful ascent, many
other individuals have sought to be the first at various other accomplishments
on Everest, including many alternative routes on both the north and south sides.
Italy's Reinhold Messner has climbed Everest twice without oxygen, once in four
days. He is also the first to solo climb Everest, which he did in 1980. Ten
years earlier, Yuichiro Miura of Japan had been the first person to descend the
mountain on skis. In 1975, Junko Tabei, also of Japan, was the first woman to
climb Everest. The first disabled person to attempt Everest was American Tom
Whittaker, who climbed with a prosthetic leg to 24,000 feet in 1989, 28,000 feet
in 1995, and finally reached the summit in 1998. The record for most ascents
belongs to Sherpa Ang Rita, who has reached the summit ten times.
Overall, more than 600 climbers from 20
countries have climbed to the summit by various routes from both north and
south. Climbers' ages have ranged from nineteen years to sixty. At least 100
people have perished, most commonly by avalanches, falls in crevasses, cold, or
the effects of thin air.
Climbing on Everest is very strictly
regulated by both the Nepalese and Chinese governments. Permits cost thousands
of U.S. dollars ($50,000 for a seven member party in 1996), and are difficult to
obtain, and waiting lists extend for years. Treks to Everest base camp, minus
the summit attempt, are becoming increasingly popular on both the north and
south sides of the mountain. On the north side, a Buddhist monastery stands at
the foot of the Rongbuk Glacier, beneath Everest's spectacular north face. The
monastery is one of two whose locations were selected specifically to allow
religious contemplation of the great peak. The other is the Thyangboche
Monastery in Nepal. The once-active Rongbuk monastery in Tibet has required much
rejuvenation from the destruction it experienced following China's invasion of
Mount Everest is also known by the
Tibetan name Chomolangma (Goddess Mother of the
Snows), and by the Nepali name Sagarmatha (Mother
of the Universe).
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