Adventure Travel Activities
Himalayas are the greatest range
of mountains on earth, their beauty, vastness, fascination and mystery will
always have an everlasting appeal for those who venture in this region. its
splendor and beauty, testing their determination by glaciers and peaks, defying
their spirit with their inviolate mysteries-enables man to acquire the qualities
which only danger and nature in the raw can sharpen. Mountaineering accentuates
and exercises the quality of self-reliance, leadership and discipline amongst
adventure sports lovers. Getting to the Himalayas is difficult they are far away
from most of the people and difficult to get go. A big obstacle is the expense.
The actual time spent on the climbing is relatively a small proportion of the
total time taken by the mountaineer to get to the mountain. It is an expedition
with Sherpas carrying loads of equipment, such as tents, sleeping bags, cooking
The conquest of Everest acted as a
stimulus to Indian mountaineering and in 1954, the Himalayan Mountaineering
Institute at Darjeeling was established with the late major N.D. Jayal (Nandu)
as its first principal. Since then other institutes have been set up at
Uttarkashi in Uttaranchal and at Manali in Himachal Pradesh.
Mountaineering in Ladakh,
Jammu & Kashmir
mountaineers delight given by its several mountain ranges like Karakoram,
Zangskar and Ladakh Ranges. The most famous and easily accessible is the
Stok Khangri massif in Zangskar range, south of Leh. The base Camp for
various peaks of this massif is about four days trek from the village of Stok or
Spituk. Pir Panjal mountaineering range is situated south of the
Himalayas. The vale of Kashmir is sandwiched between the Pir Panjals and the
Himalayas. Similarly the Lahaul valley, north of Manali and south of Ladakh, is
sandwiched between the two ranges.
Mountaineering Garhwal Kumaon
The Garhwal and Kumon
region in the state of Uttaranchal not only constitutes a large part
of the Himalayas, but also contains some of the most challenging peaks
- Nanda Devi, Trisul, Dunagiri, Kamet, Chaukhamba, Nilkanth,
Mountaineering in Manali, Himachal
The area around Manali presently forms the core
of mountaineering in Himachal. The Beas Kund region and lower reaches of the
Hanuman Tibba [5,930m], the Manali and Shitidhar peaks around the source of the
river Beas, and the Deo Tibba (6,001m) area, are suggested for beginners with
Mountaineering in Garhwal, Uttranchal -
Mountaineering in Garhwal is concentrated mainly in two areas -- around the
Gangotri Glacier and the Nanda Devi Sanctuary. There are numerous peaks of
varying heights and difficulty level, between 6500-7000 mt. The highest peak is
Nanda Devi, 7601 mt and two more – Kamet and Abhigaman are a little over 7000 mt.
The approach march, in most cases, is not more than 3-4 days and therefore many
available peaks can be attempted within a period of 4-5 weeks from Delhi. The
approach march to the Nanda Devi sanctuary could take a week and is an
expedition in itself.
The mountaineering season is from Apr-Nov, however, a number of peaks can also
be attempted during winters. The permanent snowline in the region starts at
around 5000 mt.
All mountaineering expeditions have to be cleared by the Indian Mountaineering
Foundation before they can begin. Expeditions are graded according to level of
difficulty and must be accompanied by a liaison officer, provided by the
government, at the expedition's expense.
Mountaineering in Sikkim
The Sikkim Himalayas, the epitome
of the world's mountains, encompass a wonderland, which for sheer beauty and
magnificence remains unbeaten elsewhere in the globe. In the southwestern part
of Sikkim, in the main Himalayan range, lies the majestic Kangchedzonga, rising
to a staggering height of 8,585 m (28,169 ft) above sea level. Beside this third
largest peaks, other famous mountaineering peaks in Sikkim include - Kabru,
Kirat Chulior Tent Peak (7,365 m) and Sinolchu (6,887 m).
Mountaineering in Nepal
There are four mountaineering
seasons spring (March-May), summer (June-August), autumn (September-November)
and winter (December-February). A total of 153 Himalayan peaks are open to
mountaineers. Climbing permits are issued by the Ministry of Tourism & Civil
Aviation (MOTCA) for 135 peaks known as mountaineering peaks, and by the Nepal
Mountaineering Association [NMA] for 18 smaller peaks, known as trekking peaks,
which range from 5,587 to 6,654 m in altitude. The Everest or Khumbu region is
justifiably the most famous of all trekking and mountaineering regions of Nepal.
Populated by Sherpas, the attractions of this area are the majestic mountains,
the high mountain villages, the isolated monasteries, and the local peoples.
Mountaineering in Tibet
In the middle of the Asian content
lies a "sea of great mountains ",which is unique on earth. It is the Tibetan
plateau, known as the "roof of the world", where there are numerous hills at an
average altitude of more than 400 meters. Tibet is compelling to visitors. A
magical trip which admires the beauty of this remote Himalayan country and the
spiritually of its people. Tibet has longed exercised a unique hold on the
imagination of the West : 'Shangri La', 'the Land of Snows', 'the rooftop of the
World'. Tibet was opened to foreign tourism in 1992.
Tibet offers some of the awe-inspiring scenery in the world and the sheer scale
of the high altitude valleys. In the far west of Tibet is mount Kailsah, the
most sacred mountain in Asia which is vendered by Buddhist Hindus Jains and the
followers of the ancient Bon religion.
Mountaineering in Bhutan
Mountaineering in the Bhutanese
Himalayas is a recent development . Bhutan is one of the most exclusive and rare
destinations for any tourist. The unique culture, architecture, lofty snowcapped
peaks, fortress like “Dzongs”, Lamaist Buddhist traditions and its friendly
people leave an everlasting impression on the visitor. Almost all the trekking
and mountaineering expeditions in Bhutan range above 3,000m.