R E L A T E D T O P I C
S: F O R W I L D L I F E O F H I M A L A Y A S
Dachigam National Park, J&K
Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve, J&K
Overa Wildlife Sanctuary, J&K
Kishtwar Altitude National Park ,J&K
Hemis High Altitude National Park, J&K
The Great Himalayan National Park, H.P.
Pin Valley National Park, H.P.
Dudhwa National Park, U.P.
Wildlife in Sikkim
Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary, Darjeeling
Royal Chitwan Park, Nepal
Royal Bardia National Park, Nepal
Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh
Great Himalayan National Park,
km southwest of Kullu town, Himachal Pradesh
leopard, Tibetan kiang, ibex, serow and Tibetan antelope
MIN. - -5ºC Max. - 30ºC
Time to Visit
April to June, September to October
About this Park
The park is located in the Seraj
Forest Division of Kullu District in Himachal Pradesh some 60 km southwest of
Kullu town. It is the southeast it is bounded by Rupi Bhaba Sanctuary in, Pin
Valley National Park in the east, and Kanwar Wildlife Sanctuary in the North. On
the geographical map, the park extends from the latitudes 31º38 - 31º55 North
and 77º20' - 77º46 in the East.
Great Himalayan National Park is located in the
upper ranges of Himalaya It is a kaleidoscope of alpine flora and fauna. A major
part of the national park is permanently under glaciers and ice. It is one of
the last undisturbed Western Himalayan ecosystems giving shelters to a diverse
variety of wildlife and forests. The bewitching beauty of the park is a
compliment to its biological richness. The park is home to rare "Western
Tragopan" and 200 species of birds and over 30 species of mammals.
Also known as Jawahar Lal Nehru National Park, the region was notified as a
national park in the year 1984 to save the endangered wildlife species of this
Himachal Pradesh's Great
Himalayan National Park is undoubtedly the place to go for a rendezvous with the
wildlife of these mountains. Here, amidst dense forests of blue pine and cedar,
in high alpine meadows and mountain slopes which remain covered with snow
throughout the year, lives one of the densest and most impressive populations of
Created in 1984, the Great
Himalayan National Park (officially known as the Jawaharlal Nehru Great
Himalayan National Park) includes, in a wide swathe of land covering 765 sq km,
the previously-established Tirthan Sanctuary.
Adjacent to the park are two
more important protected areas- the Pin Valley National Park and the Rupi Bhabha
Sanctuary- a vast expanse of land sheltering many of the species, both animal
and plant, endemic to the Himalayas. The Great Himalayan National Park lies in
Seraj Forest Division (in Kullu District), in the upper catchment areas of the
Jiwa, Sainj and Tirthan rivers. A park where the altitude varies from 1,500 mt
to about 6,000 mt, encompassing within it snowcapped mountains, river valleys,
and steep cliffs. The diversity of terrain and altitude is reflected in a
corresponding diversity of vegetation. Deciduous broadleaved forests of oak and
bamboo alternate with pine and deodar woods, while grasses and colourful
wildflowers crowd alpine meadows in the upper reaches.
Inhabiting this stretch of land
is a dazzling array of animals and birds. Among the most prominent mammals are
leopards, Himalayan black bears, brown bears, langurs, rhesus macaques,
and wild sheep such as the Himalayan thar, bharal and the ibex.
Rarer animals like the highly endangered musk deer are also found in the park,
and there have been reports of snow leopard sightings. The Great Himalayan
National Park is unsurpassed in its bird life, with almost 68 resident species
and close to 50 migrant species being sighted here. Pheasants, such as the
gloriously beautiful monal, the kaleej and the Western tragopan,
are among its many attractions.
Flora & Fauna of this Park
- The park vegetation is a diverse mix of Ban Oak
Forest, Moist Deodar Forest, Western Mixed Coniferous Forest, Moist Temperate
Deciduous Forest, Himalayan Alpine Pastures, and Rhododendron Scrub Forest. The
area below 2,000 metres is dominated by blue pine (pinus wallichiana), and
higher up by a broad broadleaved forest on sloping areas and fir (Abies pindrow)
on the steep areas. Other vegetations are oak, blue pine, cedar (Cedrus).
The park has good wild population, especially of avifauna. The park has largest
remaining population of Himalayan Tahr in Himachal Pradesh. Major wildlife
species found in the park are Snow Leopard, musk Deer, Blue Sheep, Ibex, Wolf,
Leopard, Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta), common langur (Presbytis entellus),
Himalayan black bear, goral, muntjac, and serow.
From Kullu, National Highway #
21 (to Manali) leads to Aut, from where a motorable road leads part-way to the
park. A vehicle can be hired at Kullu to do the trip to Gushaini or Neuli, the
end of the road. From here onwards, visitors need to go on foot, as no motor
transport or horses are allowed.
Within the Great Himalayan
National Park, the only form of transport is your own two legs- so make sure
you're physically fit and wearing a sturdy pair of boots. A qualified guide is
mandatory for everybody visiting the park; you'll be able to hire one at the
park's office. A trek through the park is definitely the best way to see the
beauty of this area, and with some luck you should be rewarded with some great
sightings of birds, bharal, langurs, and even a leopard or bear.
The best seasons for visiting the
park are summer from April to June and autumn from September to November. The
relatively high density of wildlife in the area assures the visitors of sighting
the Monal, Western Tragopan, Musk Deer, Goral, Bharal, and the Himalayan Thar.
The rainy season from July to August and the winter season from December to
March are not advisable periods to visit the park, as excessive damage to the
road network and other inconveniences to the visitor are unavoidable.
Wildlife Excursions of