R E L A T E D T O P I C
S: F O R W I L D L I F E O F H I M A L A Y A S
Dachigam National Park, J&K
Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve, J&K
Overa Wildlife Sanctuary, J&K
Kishtwar Altitude National Park ,J&K
Hemis High Altitude National Park, J&K
The Great Himalayan National Park, H.P.
Pin Valley National Park, H.P.
Dudhwa National Park, U.P.
Wildlife in Sikkim
Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary, Darjeeling
Royal Chitwan Park, Nepal
Royal Bardia National Park, Nepal
National Park, Uttar Pradesh
Dudhwa National Park, Uttar
Bara singha or Swamp deer, Chital, hog
deer, barking deer, sambar, wild boar, jackal.
Time to Visit
February to April
About this Park
Stretching over an area of some 811 sq km (with
a core area of 648 sq km), Dudhwa National Park lies amid the warm, tropical
forests of the terai, in the foothills of the Himalayas. Sprawling along Indiaís
border with Nepal, Dudhwa is a tiger reserve, and lies north of the Suheli
river. From mosaic grasslands and dense sal forests to swampy marshes, the
terrain of Dudhwa National Park is as diverse as the wildlife population is
The parkís thick sal forests, extensive
grasslands and wet marshes harbour a wide range of wildlife, including tiger,
swamp deer (barasingha), elephant, jackal, sloth bear, leopard cat, jungle cat,
civet, fishing cat and a vast number of birds. Tall coarse grass sometimes
forming impenetrable thickets, swampy depressions and lakes characterise the
wetlands of the Park. These are the habitat of large members of barasingha, the
magnificent swamp deer, noted for their multi-tined antlers(bara-12, singha-horn).
These in turn support the predators -the tiger and leopard. Though the Park has
a fair population of tigers, they are rarely seen owing to the nature of the
Wildlife Attraction at this
There are at least 37 species of mammals, 16
species of reptiles and 400 species of avifauna. Dudhwa Wildlife Sanctuary is
said to have 101 tigers and four leopards. Recently, the hispid hare has also
been sighted from this area.
It was here in 1984 that a major rhinoceros rehabilitation project was started
since these forests had been the habitat of the rhinoceros 150 years ago. Five
rhinos were relocated from Assam but two of the females died due to the strains
of transportation. These were replaced in 1985 by four more females from Nepal.
Flora Attraction of This Park
- The major vegetation types in this
region are tropical semi-evergreen forest, tropical moist deciduous forest,
riparian and swamp forest and dry deciduous forest. The dominant tree species
are Shorea robusta, Terminalis tomentosa, Adina cordifolia, Terminalia belerica,
Eugenia jambolana, Dalbergia sissoo, and Bombax malabaricum. The various types
of forests throughout the park are interrupted by wide stretches of mesophyllous
grasslands locally called the phantas.
Tourist Information Centre
In India, Lucknow at 250 kms is
the most convenient airport, connected by flights from across the country.
Outside India, Nepal at 35 kms is the nearest airport.
Rail : The nearest railhead is Dudhwa (4 kms), Palia (10 kms) and Mailani
Road : The State Roadways buses and private bus services link Palia to
Lakhimpur Kheri, Shahjahanpur, Bareilly and Delhi. Buses are frequent between
Palia and Dudhwa.
Best Time To Visit
The best time to visit Dudhwa is
between November and May. The park remains open to the public from November to
June, but by June itís usually a little too hot for comfort. Remember to take
your Woollens along if youíre going between December and February- it can get
pretty chilly here, in the foothills of the Terai.
Wildlife Excursions of