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Culture Jammu &
Culture Travel Jammu & Kashmir
People and their Life Style
Lifestyle of the local people is quite slow in the old city. The waterways and shikaras are the best way of going into the interiors of the old city. Women are
very enterprising, they sell food items, flowers and handcrafted items on their
floating markets. Kashmiris use willow baskets for carrying essential items from
one place to the other. There are a number of open-air markets in the old city.
Here visiting tourists have the pleasure of buying all the traditional Kashmiri
spices and food items. Tours and travel to the state of Kashmir also tempts you
to shop in the open air markets in the old city where one is likely to find all
those traditional items that are used in the kitchens of these simple people.
Kashmir is very popular for its specially brewed tea that is
traditionally known as the kahwa. In certain areas of Ladakh the Yak's milk is
given special importance. It is used for making butter that has a very high fat
content. It is considered as the best present that a family can give to another.
Those living in the remote regions of Ladakh lead simple lives and the
monasteries in the vicinity have a great impact on their lives.
As far as the clothing is concerned the Phiran is a commonly worn
garment. It is usually made of wool and has a lot of embroidery work done on it.
These gowns are decorated with colorful floral motifs and designs.
Distinct from the rest of the
country, Jammu and Kashmir sports a multifaceted, multicolored and unique
cultural blend. Not only the geographical conditions of the state are different
but it can also be set apart demographically with varied ethical and social
entities, diversity of religions flourishing in the area, different language and
cultural forms and heritage albeit with an over-reigning harmony that blends in
with the serenity and beauty of the region. One gets dazed by the sheer
diversity and richness of art and architecture, fairs and festivals, rites and
rituals, seers and sagas, languages and mountains that thrive amongst the
unparalleled cultural cohesion, which is exemplary.
Kashmir has been the highest
learning centre of Sanskrit and Persian as Indo-Aryanic civilization has
originated and flourished here. It also embraced the advent of Islam along with
the virtues of Persian civilization such as tolerance, brotherhood and
sacrifice. Nature's grand finale of beauty, Kashmir is the masterpiece of
earth's creation and the folk performances of Kashmir are intimately mingled
with the moods and movements of the seasons.
Culture About Jammu
Jammu, the land of the Dogras,
has some beautiful dances and music that originated in its lap and were
developed by the hardy and graceful women of the Duggar to divert themselves
from the long spell of separations from their soldier husbands and brothers.
Besides the purpose of adding cheer to their lives in their free moments, there
are folk songs and dances that echo their feelings of separation and the
ever-increasing yearning for reunion with the beloved, the hard life on the
mountain slopes and various other themes that are connected with their
Kashmir region has its own
musical performances that have won the hearts of many of its visitors. Bhand
Pather is a traditional folk theatre style exhibiting combination of play and
dance in a satirical style where social traditions, and evils are depicted and
performed in various social and cultural functions. Bhand Jashan is performed by
a group of 10 to 15 artists in their traditional style accompanied by light
music for the entertainment of people.
The most popular form of
Kashmiri folk music is called Chakri that bears resemblance to Chakra of
mountainous regions of Uttar Pradesh. It was accompanied by Garaha, Sarangi,
Rabab once as the musical instruments but today harmonium plays an important
role in its presentation. Sufiana Music migrated to Kashmir from Iran in the
15th century and flourished here as the classical music form of Kashmir. It
absorbed a number of Indian Ragas and Hafiz Nagma was once a part of Sofiana
Music. In Hafiz Nagma a dancer is a female while her accompanists on various
instruments are males. An Hafiza (dancer) moves her feet on musical notes. The
instruments that go with this form are Santoor, Sitar, Kashmiri Saz, Wasool or
Tabala. Today, only a few families in Kashmir are practicing this musical for.
Travel in Jammu & Kashmir
Kashmir is an area on the
northern borders of India and Pakistan; officially known as Jammu & Kashmir.
Kashmir is famous for its natural beauty and has often been referred to as the
'Switzerland of the East'. The heart of the area is the fertile Vale of Kashmir
(known as The Valley), which lies between the Himalayas and the Pir Panjal
mountain range. About 12 million people live in Kashmir, of which around 70% are
Muslims. The rest include Hindus, Sikhs and Buddhists. Hindus live mostly in the
south and around the city of Jammu. To the east is the Ladakh region, where the
majority of the people are Buddhists and of Tibetan origin. Most of the Kashmiri
people work on farms. Others are engaged in small industries making shawls, rugs
and carpets. Kashmir is well known for its wool and, in particular, its shawls
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