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Culture Arunachal Pradesh >>
Culture Arunachal Pradesh
Broadly the people may be
divided into three cultural groups on the basis of their socio-religious
affinities. The Monpas and Sherdukpens of Tawang and West Kameng districts
follow the lamaistic tradition of Mahayana Buddhism. Noted for their religious
fervour, the villages of these communities have richly decorated Buddhist
temples, locally called 'Gompas'. Though largely agriculturists practising
terrace cultivation, many of these people are also pastoral and breed herds of
yak and mountains sheep.
Culturally similar to them are
Membas and Khambas who live in the high mountains along the northern borders.
Khamptis and Singphos inhabiting the eastern part of the State are Buddhists of
Hinayana sect. They are said to have migrated from Thailand and Burma long ago
and still using ancient scripts derived from their original homeland.
The Tibetian influence is clearly seen in the Gompas - Budhist shrines with
elaborate carved wooden buildings, golden Buddha statues, old scrolls and the
mask dance. They produce beautiful painted masks, thanka paintings and carved
furniture.The middle and the lower valleys are populated by the worshippers of
Donyi-Polism - the Sun and the moon gods and the forces of nature.
The Adis, l Galos and the M ishmis have structured social organisations,
traditional justice systems and intricate weaving & bamboo handicrafts. Life in
the difficult mountains has produced an independent & hospitable people with a
srong sense of justice.
The Brahmaputra darshan will showcase the tribal culture by dance displays,
handicrafts & food festivals, traditional sports & village shows.
The second group of the people
are Adis, Akas, Apatanis, Bangnis, Nishis, Mishmis, Mijis, Thongsas etc., who
worship Sun and Moon God namely, Donyi-Polo and Abo-Tani, the original ancestors
for most of these tribes. Their religious rituals, largely coincide with phases
of agricultural cycles. They invoke nature deities and make animal scarifices.
They traditionally practice jhumming or shifting cultivation. Adis and Apatanis
extensively practice wet rice cultivation and have a considerable agricultural
economy. Apatanis are also famous for their paddy-cum-pisciculture. They are
specialised over centuries in harvesting two crops of fish along with each crop
of the paddy.
Travel in Arunachal Pradesh
Right at the top of
north-eastern India, is Arunachal Pradesh, the `Land of the Dawn-lit-Mountains.'
The area is one of the most pristine in India, with a dazzling array of flora
and fauna, in a habitat that combines glacial terrain, alpine meadows, and
sub-tropical rain forests. More that 90 per cent of the state is densely
Arunachal Pradesh stands as a guard on the north
easternmost part of India. It borders Myanmar on the east, Bhutan in the west
and China in the north and North East. On the south the State shares interstate
boundaries with Assam and hills of Nagaland in the south-east. Part of Eastern
Himalayan ranges, it covers an area of 83,743 Sq. Kms.
sits atop Assam, with Bhutan to its' west, and Myanmar on the east. This is the
first Indian soil to greet the morning sun. Dawn first illuminates Arunachal's
border with China: a long border which stretches all the way from its east, over
to its northern boundaries and down to its north-western edge where it merges
with Tibet. Most of Arunachal Pradesh has primary jungles, deep gorges and
villages in really remote places. The changing colors provide a constant
reminder of diversity and cheerful spirits.
Arunachal Pradesh is
the largest state in the north-east region. Agriculture is the main occupation
of the people. The principal crop is rice, and other important crops include
maize, millets, wheat, pulses, potato, sugarcane and oilseeds.
M o r e I n f o.
Tourist Places Arunachal Pradesh
Kameng Division is
located in the western-most part of Arunachal Pradesh bordering Bhutan on its
west. The northern-most top of Kameng Division comprises Tawang district
inhabited mostly by the Monpa tribe. It is known as Monyul, the land of Mon
(the lower land). During the Indo-China war in 1962 this region was temporarily
occupied by the Chinese army. The district is subdivided in the local
traditional 'Cho', a group of 3-12 villages. The Cho is further subdivided into
'Gachungs' which comprises a single large village or a group of small hamlets.
Every village has its 'Gaon' Bura'.
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